Annex I Parties

The requirement to establish a designated national authority (DNA) applies also to Annex I Parties.

In addition, 2/CMP.1 provides that Annex I Parties must also fulfil the methodological and reporting obligations under Article 5, paragraphs 1 and 2, in order to participate in any of the flexible mechanisms, including the CDM:

the eligibility to participate in the mechanisms by a Party included in Annex I shall be dependent on its compliance with methodological and reporting requirements under Article 5, paragraphs 1 and 2, and Article 7, paragraphs 1 and 4, of the Kyoto Protocol (2/CMP.1).

These methodological and reporting requirements include:

  • Implementing a national system for estimating greenhouse gas emissions from sources and removals of emissions by sinks; and
  • Submitting an annual inventory covering all emissions and removals of greenhouse gases not covered by the Montreal Protocol; and
  • Providing all necessary supplementary information required to ensure that Parties do not exceed their assigned amounts calculated pursuant to their quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments.

The full text of this decision is as follows:

Article 5
  1. Each Party included in Annex I shall have in place, no later than one year prior to the start of the first commitment period, a national system for the estimation of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol. Guidelines for such national systems, which shall incorporate the methodologies specified in paragraph 2 below, shall be decided upon by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to this Protocol at its first session.
  2. Methodologies for estimating anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol shall be those accepted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties at its third session. Where such methodologies are not used, appropriate adjustments shall be applied according to methodologies agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to this Protocol at its first session. Based on the work of, inter alia, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and advice provided by the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to this Protocol shall regularly review and, as appropriate, revise such methodologies and adjustments, taking fully into account any relevant decisions by the Conference of the Parties. Any revision to methodologies or adjustments shall be used only for the purposes of ascertaining compliance with commitments under Article 3 in respect of any commitment period adopted subsequent to that revision.

Article 7

  1. Each Party included in Annex I shall incorporate in its annual inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, submitted in accordance with the relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties, the necessary supplementary information for the purposes of ensuring compliance with Article 3, to be determined in accordance with paragraph 4 below.
  2. Each Party included in Annex I shall incorporate in its national communication, submitted under Article 12 of the Convention, the supplementary information necessary to demonstrate compliance with its commitments under this Protocol, to be determined in accordance with paragraph 4 below.
  3. Each Party included in Annex I shall submit the information required under paragraph 1 above annually, beginning with the first inventory due under the Convention for the first year of the commitment period after this Protocol has entered into force for that Party. Each such Party shall submit the information required under paragraph 2 above as part of the first national communication due under the Convention after this Protocol has entered into force for it and after the adoption of guidelines as provided for in paragraph 4 below. The frequency of subsequent submission of information required under this Article shall be determined by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to this Protocol, taking into account any timetable for the submission of national communications decided upon by the Conference of the Parties.

Satisfaction of these requirements, and consequently, eligibility, will be determined by the enforcement branch of the Compliance Committee:

Oversight of this provision will be provided by the enforcement branch of the Compliance Committee, in accordance with the procedures and mechanisms relating to compliance as contained in decision 24/CP.7, assuming approval of such procedures and mechanisms by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in decision form in addition to any amendment entailing legally binding consequences, noting that it is the prerogative of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol to decide on the legal form of the procedures and mechanisms relating to compliance (2/CMP.1, paragraph 5).

The reporting obligations set out above are in addition to the requirement in Article 12 of the UNFCCC, which requires Parties to submit national inventory reports (National Communications) to the COP/MOP.

A Party that authorises the participation of a public or private entity in the CDM remains responsible for fulfilling its emission reduction obligations under the Kyoto Protocol and must ensure that the entities' participation complies with the rules:

A Party that authorizes private and/or public entities to participate in Article 12 project activities shall remain responsible for the fulfilment of its obligations under the Kyoto Protocol and shall ensure that such participation is consistent with the present annex (3/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 33).

This decision applies also to A/R projects:

All provisions of section F of the CDM modalities and procedures, contained in the annex to decision 17/CP.7, shall apply mutatis mutandis to afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM (5/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 7).

and consequently to small-scale A/R projects:

The modalities and procedures for afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM shall apply to small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM except for paragraphs 12-30 (6/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 3).

Related Topics

Designated national authority (DNA)

Kyoto Protocol

Quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments

Annex I Parties (P)

Annex I Parties (SSC)

Annex I Party (A/R)

Annex I Parties (PoA)