Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA)
The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) meets at least twice a year to provide advice to the Conference of the Parties (COP) on matters of science, technology and methodology, including guidelines for improving standards of national communications and emission inventories. Its role is set out in the Article 9 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC):
- A subsidiary body for scientific and technological advice is hereby established to provide the Conference of the Parties and, as appropriate, its other subsidiary bodies with timely information and advice on scientific and technological matters relating to the Convention. This body shall be open to participation by all Parties and shall be multidisciplinary. It shall comprise government representatives competent in the relevant field of expertise. It shall report regularly to the Conference of the Parties on all aspects of its work.
- Under the guidance of the Conference of the Parties, and drawing upon existing competent international bodies, this body shall:
- Provide assessments of the state of scientific knowledge relating to climate change and its effects;
- Prepare scientific assessments on the effects of measures taken in the implementation of the Convention;
- Identify innovative, efficient and state-of-the-art technologies and know-how and advise on the ways and means of promoting development and/or transferring such technologies;
- (Provide advice on scientific programmes, international cooperation in research and development related to climate change, as well as on ways and means of supporting endogenous capacity-building in developing countries; and
- Respond to scientific, technological and methodological questions that the Conference of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies may put to the body (UNFCCC, Article 9).