Development of the monitoring plan

Monitoring of a CDM project activity takes place pursuant to a monitoring plan which requires approval at registration. The monitoring plan provides for the collection and analysis of all data relevant to the calculation of emission reductions from the project activity.

Project participants are required to develop and describe the monitoring plan for the proposed CDM project activity in accordance with the selected methodology and all other applicable CDM rules and requirements. The monitoring plan is a key component of the project design document (PDD) which sets out the structure, operation and scope of the CDM project activity.

The simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale afforestation and reforestation projects make specific requirements for developing a monitoring plan for small-scale afforestation and reforestation projects:

Project participants shall include, as part of the project design document for a small-scale afforestation or reforestation project activity under the CDM or a bundle of small-scale afforestation or reforestation project activities under the CDM, a monitoring plan that provides for:

  1. The collection and archiving of all relevant data necessary for estimating or measuring the actual net greenhouse gas removals by sinks during the crediting period as specified in appendix B;
  2. The collection and archiving of all relevant data necessary for determining the baseline net greenhouse gas removals by sinks during the crediting period as specified in appendix B;
  3. Unless project participants have successfully shown to the DOE that significant leakage is not expected to occur, as specified in appendix B, the identification of potential sources of, and the collection and archiving of data on, leakage during the crediting period;
  4. Changes in circumstances within the project boundary that affect legal title to the land or rights of access to the carbon pools;
  5. Quality assurance and quality control procedures for the monitoring process in accordance with appendix B; and
  6. Procedures for the periodic calculation of the net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks due to the small-scale afforestation or reforestation project activity under the CDM, and documentation of the steps involved in those calculations;
  7. Procedures for the review of implementation of relevant measures to minimize leakage where the circumstances of the project activity have changed in a manner that may result in, or increase, leakage. (6/CMP.1 Annex, paragraph 23)

The CDM Project Standard sets out further elements that must be included in the monitoring plan for all types of project activities:

  1. The operational and management structure to be put in place to implement the monitoring plan;
  2. Provisions to ensure that data monitored and required for verification and issuance be kept and archived electronically for two years after the end of the crediting period or the last issuance of CERs, whichever occurs later;
  3. Definition of responsibilities and institutional arrangements for data collection and archiving;
  4. Quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) procedures;
  5. Uncertainty levels, methods and the associated accuracy level of measuring instruments to be used for various parameters and variables;
  6. Specifications of the calibration frequency for the measuring equipment. In cases where neither the selected methodology, nor the Board's guidance specify any requirements for calibration frequency for measuring equipment, project participants shall ensure that the equipment are calibrated either in accordance with the local/national standards, or as per the manufacture's specifications. If local/national standards or the manufacture's specifications are not available, international standards may be used. (CDM Project Standard paragraph 56)

Related Topics

What is the CDM-SSC-AR-PDD?

Emission reductions

Project boundary (SSC A/R)

Leakage (SSC A/R)

Crediting period (SSC A/R)

What is a monitoring methodology? (SSC A/R)

Development of the monitoring plan (P)

Development of the monitoring plan (SSC)

Development of the monitoring plan (A/R)

Development of the monitoring plan (PoA)