Designated National Authority
The designated national authority (DNA) is the body granted responsibility by a Party to authorise and approve participation in CDM projects. The CDM rules provide only limited guidance on the role of the DNA or the requirements for establishing a DNA. These issues are instead left to the Party to determine.
The CDM rules do provide, however, that each Party is required to establish a DNA:
Parties participating in the CDM shall designate a national authority for the CDM (3/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 29).
Establishment of a DNA is one of the requirements for participation by a Party in the CDM.
Role of the DNA
The role of the DNA is to provide the letter of approval to project participants in CDM projects. In the case of the host Party DNA, this letter of approval must confirm that the project activity contributes to sustainable development in the country:
The designated operational entity shall:
- Prior to the submission of the validation report to the Executive Board, have received from the project participants written approval of voluntary participation from the designated national authority of each Party involved, including confirmation by the host Party that the project activity assists it in achieving sustainable development (3/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 40(a)).
The Executive Board has clarified that in issuing the letter of approval, a DNA should include all the required elements as requested by the Board, and in particular:
...that the country has ratified the Kyoto Protocol, the approval of voluntary participation in the proposed CDM project activity, and, in cases of host country letter of approval, that the proposed CDM project activity contributes to sustainable development. (EB 25, paragraph 95)
The role of the DNA is the same for small-scale projects (4/CMP.1, Annex II, paragraph 23), afforestation/reforestation (A/R) projects (5/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 15) and small-scale A/R projects (6/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 15).