Demonstrating eligibility of lands
Project participants in afforestation and reforestation (A/R) projects must demonstrate that:
- the land on which the project activity is proposed to be carried out is not currently forested (i.e. the land is 'eligible land'); and
- the land was 'eligible land' on 31 December 1989.
The Executive Board has developed a methodological tool for participants to demonstrate their land eligibility for A/R CDM project activities (EB 75, Annex 25). This tool is a revised form of the Procedures introduced by the Board at EB 35, Annex 18 (Procedures to demonstrate the eligibility of lands for A/R CDM project activities).
In order to demonstrate that the land is 'eligible land', project proponents must:
- Demonstrate that the land at the moment the project starts does not contain forest by providing transparent information that:
- Vegetation on the land is below the forest thresholds (tree crown cover or equivalent stocking level, tree height at maturity in situ, minimum land area) adopted for the definition of forest by the host country under decisions 16/CMP.1 and 5/CMP.1 as communicated by the respective DNA;
- All young natural stands and all plantations on the land are not expected to reach the minimum crown cover and minimum height chosen by the host country to define forest; and
- The land is not temporarily unstocked, as a result of human intervention such as harvesting or natural causes (EB 35, Annex 18).
In order to demonstrate that the project is an eligible project activity, project proponents must:
- Demonstrate that the land was 'eligible land' and met the criteria set out in Point (1) above on 31 December 1989 (EB 75, Annex 25).
The following data is acceptable as proof for the items above:
In order to demonstrate steps 1 (a) and 1 (b), project participants shall provide information that reliably discriminates between forest and non-forest land according to the particular thresholds adopted by the host country, inter alia:
- Aerial photographs or satellite imagery complemented by ground reference data; or
- Land use or land cover information from maps or digital spatial datasets; or
- Ground based surveys (land use or land cover information from permits, plans, or information from local registers such as cadastre, owners registers, or other land registers) (EB 35, Annex 18).
If these are not possible to obtain, project participants may submit written statements attesting to the eligibility of the lands:
If options (a), (b), and (c) are not available/applicable, project participants shall submit a written testimony which was produced by following a Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) methodology or a standard Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) as practised in the host country (EB 35, Annex 18).