What are small-scale afforestation and reforestation (SSC A/R) projects?

Projects registered as small-scale CDM projects are entitled to use the simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale CDM project activities set out in 6/CMP.1, Annex. In order to use these simplified modalities and procedures, a project activity must meet the eligibility requirements:

To use simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale afforestation and reforestation CDM project activities, a proposed project activity shall:

  1. Meet the eligibility criteria for small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM set out in paragraph 1 (i) of the modalities and procedures for afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM;
  2. Conform to one of the project types in appendix B;
  3. Not be a debundled component of a larger project activity, as determined through appendix C (6/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 4).

The eligibility criteria (requirement (a)) and project categories (requirement (b)) are discussed below. More information on bundling and debundling is contained in the next section.

Eligibility criteria in paragraph 1(i) - small-scale forestry limits

Small-scale afforestation and reforestation (SSC A/R) projects are defined in 5/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 1(i) as follows:

"Small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM" are those that are expected to result in net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks of less than 8 kilotonnes of CO2 per year and are developed or implemented by low-income communities and individuals as determined by the host Party (5/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 1(i)).

This definition was amended at COP/MOP 3 to increase the 8 kilotonne limit to 16 kilotonnes:

"Small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM" are those that are expected to result in net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks of less than 16 kilotonnes of CO2 per year and are developed or implemented by low-income communities and individuals as determined by the host Party (9/CMP.3).

Therefore, SSC A/R projects must:

  • be developed or implemented by low-income communities and individuals, as determined by the host Party; and
  • result in greenhouse gas removals of less than 16 kilotonnes of CO2 per year.

Project types

Simplified baseline and monitoring methodologies have been developed for various SSC A/R project types:

Simplified baseline and monitoring methodologies may be developed for types of small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM, as presented in the list in appendix B. This list shall not preclude other types of small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM. If a proposed small-scale afforestation or reforestation project activity under the CDM does not fall into any of the types in appendix B, the project participants may submit a request to the Executive Board of the CDM (hereinafter referred to as the Executive Board) for approval of a proposed simplified baseline and/or monitoring plan, bearing in mind the provisions in paragraph 8 below (6/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 2).
The Executive Board shall develop simplified baseline methodologies for the following types of small-scale afforestation or reforestation project activities:
  1. Grassland to forested land
  2. Cropland to forested land
  3. Wetland to forested land
  4. Settlement to forested land.

These categories are reviewed at least once a year and updated as necessary:

The Executive Board shall review and amend, as necessary, appendix B at least once a year (6/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 9).

Any such amendments to appendix B will not apply retroactively:

Any amendments to appendix B shall apply only to small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM which are registered subsequent to the date of amendment and shall not affect registered small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM during the crediting periods for which they are registered (6/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 10).

Application of A/R modalities and procedures

The modalities and procedures for large-scale A/R projects apply to SSC A/R projects, except those contained in paragraphs 12-30 (which relate to validation, registration and monitoring). Simplified modalities and procedures, contained in paragraphs 4 - 29 of 6/CMP.1, Annex, apply instead:

The modalities and procedures for afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM shall apply to small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM except for paragraphs 12-30. The following paragraphs 4-29 apply instead. Appendix A should replace, as appropriate, the provisions in appendix B of the modalities and procedures for afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM (6/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 3).

Related Topics

Host Party (SSC A/R)

Stakeholders

What is additionality? (SSC A/R)

What is a baseline? (SSC A/R)

What is monitoring? (SSC A/R)

What is validation? (SSC A/R)

Designated operational entity (DOE)

General requirements for large-scale projects

What are small-scale projects?

What are forestry projects?

General requirements for PoAs

General requirements for CPAs