What is verification?

Verification for afforestation and reforestation (A/R) projects is defined in 5/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 31 as follows:

Verification is the periodic independent review and ex post determination by the DOE of the net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks achieved, since the start of the project, by an afforestation or reforestation project activity under the CDM (5/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 31).

Essentially, verification is the process of confirming the authenticity of removals of greenhouse gases by an afforestation or reforestation CDM project over a defined period of time (a verification period). In order to do this, the project's removals are monitored and the monitoring data for a verification period is reviewed and assessed.

In brief, the key elements of verification are:

  • a periodic independent review and ex post determination;
  • of net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks which have been monitored;
  • that is performed by an independent designated operational entity (DOE).

The verification rules apply to small-scale A/R (SSC A/R) projects also:

The modalities and procedures for afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM shall apply to small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM except for paragraphs 12-30 (6/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 3).

However, in contrast to large-scale A/R projects, the DOE engaged to conduct validation may also conduct verification and certification:

The same operational entity may undertake validation as well as verification and certification (6/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 1(e)).

A single designated operational entity (DOE) may perform validation as well as verification and certification for a small-scale afforestation or reforestation project activity under the CDM or for bundled small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM (6/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 12).

 

Related Topics

Designated operational entity

Verification period

Monitoring report (SSC A/R)

What is certification? (SSC A/R)

What is verification? (P)

What is verification? (SSC)

What is verification? (A/R)

What is verification? (PoA)