Afforestation and Reforestation Working Group (A/R WG)
The Afforestation and Reforestation Working Group (A/R WG) was established at EB 14:
The Board agreed to establish a working group on afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM (CDM A&R) and agreed on the terms of reference for this group as contained in annex 8 to this report (EB 14, paragraph 48).
Role and functions
The role of the A/R WG is to assist the Executive Board with matters relating to A/R projects. The full terms of reference set out the role of the A/R WG in full:
- The A&R working group, in accordance with procedures for submission and consideration of a proposed new methodology and guidance by the Executive Board, shall:
- Prepare recommendations on submitted proposals for new baseline and monitoring methodologies for CDM A&R project activities;
- Prepare draft reformatted versions of proposed new baseline and monitoring methodologies for CDM A&R project activities approved by the Board;
- Prepare recommendations on options for expanding the applicability of methodologies for CDM A&R project activities, if applicable, and develop tools to facilitate the selection of one approved methodology from among those of a similar nature by project participants.
- The A&R working group shall elaborate, with the assistance of the secretariat, precise and workable recommendations for consideration and adoption by the Executive Board, as appropriate, on, inter alia:
- Development and revisions of the project design document for CDM A&R project activities, in particular on those sections relevant to baseline and monitoring;
- Draft "decision trees, and other methodological tools, where appropriate, to guide choices in order to ensure that the most appropriate methodologies are selected, taking into account relevant circumstances" (in accordance with Appendix C of the modalities and procedures for CDM A&R project activities);
- Guidance on identified modalities and procedures contained in the modalities and procedures for CDM A&R project activities with a view to facilitating the development of project-based methodologies by project participants. Such modalities and procedures shall be identified by the working group and addressed in accordance with guidance provided by the Executive Board;
- Further work on items identified in Appendix C of the modalities and procedures for CDM A&R project activities, as appropriate (EB 23, Annex 14, paragraphs 2 and 3).
The terms of reference were initially set out in EB 14, Annex 8, and subsequently revised in EB 23, Annex 14:
The Board agreed on the revised terms of reference for the A/R WG contained in annex 14 to this report, effective as of July 2006... (EB 23, paragraph 52).
The revision was foreshadowed at EB 18, where it was requested that the terms of reference be revised as follows:
The Board agreed to revise the terms of reference of the A/R WG with the view to requesting:
- The A/R WG to assist the Board in the development of simplified methodologies for small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM in accordance with decision 14/CP.10;
- The Meth Panel to nominate a representative of the panel to participate in the meetings of the A/R WG in order to ensure consistency between methodology recommendations (EB 18, paragraph 45).
The Board requested at EB 14 that the first of the tasks to be carried out by the A/R WG be the preparation of draft documentation on a project design document for A/R projects:
The Board requested the A&R CDM working group to prepare with priority, for consideration of the Board at its fifteenth meeting, draft documentation for the project design document on afforestation and reforestation project activities, applying, mutatis mutandis, annex 6 to this report (EB 14, paragraph 51).
This draft documentation was prepared and presented to the Executive Board at EB 15 (EB 15, Annex 6).
The A/R WG is comprised of 7 members, selected by the Executive Board:
The working group shall be composed seven members, one of whom is a representative from the Meth Panel. The members of the A&R working group shall be selected by the Executive Board based on applications submitted in response to a public call for experts. For this purpose, the secretariat shall post, on the UNFCCC CDM web site, an invitation to experts to submit their applications. It shall compile a list of applications and a short-list of applicants, including, as appropriate, from the UNFCCC roster of experts. The selection shall be made in such a way as to ensure regional balance. (EB 23, Annex 14, paragraph 9).
Two of these members serve as the Chair and Vice Chair:
Two members or alternate members of the Executive Board will act as Chair and Vice-Chair of the working group, respectively. In addition to the designated Executive Board members or alternate members to act as Chair and Vice-Chair, the working group shall be composed initially of 5 members (EB 23, Annex 14, paragraph 5).
The initial members of the A/R WG were listed in EB 14, Annex 9, and this list was revised in EB 19, Annex 10. Short-listed candidates not nominated as members in this list may be called upon in the future:
The Board considered a shortlist of applicants to the CDM A&R and selected members as contained in annex 9 of this report. The Board agreed that the list of short-listed candidates not nominated as members shall be maintained and that the Board may drawn on this list in the future (EB 14, paragraph 49).
In addition to the requirements contained in the general guidelines for panels, a member of the A/R WG must meet the following competence requirements:
- Demonstrate relevant working experience of at least five years, or scientific knowledge, on methodological issues related to project-based afforestation and/or reforestation activities;
- Demonstrate technical/scientific expertise, inter alia through publications, in at least one of the following areas:
- Baseline and/or monitoring methodologies for A&R project activities;
- Project activity implementation of A&R project activities, including monitoring and verification;
- Have excellent drafting skills, strong operational and analytical skills, and ability to work as a member of a team;
- Have an advanced university degree in economics, forestry, social, environmental studies, natural sciences, engineering, development studies, or any related discipline (EB 14, Annex 8, paragraph 8).
Term of service
Members of the A/R WG serve a one year term, and may be re-designated for a further term:
The term of a member shall be one year and a member may re-apply for further terms (EB 23, Annex 14, paragraph 10).
The original terms of reference (EB 14, Annex 8) provided that members were permitted to serve a maximum of 2 terms, a stipulation which was removed in the revised terms of reference (EB 23, Annex 14).
Members may be suspended for failure to fulfill their duties:
The Chair of the A&R working group may recommend to Executive Board to suspend the membership of a particular member for, inter alia, not fulfilling the duties of a working group member in good quality and on time, breach of the conflict of interest provisions, breach of the confidentiality provisions, and/or failure to attend two consecutive meetings of the A&R working group without proper justification (EB 23, Annex 14, paragraph 11).
Modalities of work
The A/R WG operates under the guidance of the Executive Board:
The A&R working group shall operate under the guidance of the Executive Board. The mandate of the A&R working group is determined by these terms of reference, general guidelines for panels of the Executive Board, the rules of procedure of the Board (in particular section VII on committees, panels and working groups) and additional guidance provided by the Board (EB 23, Annex 14, paragraph 4).
The frequency of A/R WG meetings is determined by the Chair and Vice Chair:
The frequency of A&R working group meetings shall be determined by the Chair and Vice-Chair of the A&R working group, bearing in mind needs arising from procedures for submission and consideration of a proposed new methodology for CDM A&R project activities, and resources available (EB 23, Annex 14, paragraph 6).
A/R WG members are required to attend and contribute to meetings and prepare inputs as required:
An A&R working group member shall:
- Attend and contribute to each meeting of the A&R working group. If a member is unable to attend a meeting he or she shall inform the Chair of the A&R working group, through the secretariat, at least two weeks before the meeting;
- Prepare the agreed substantive inputs on general methodological matters requested by the A&R working group in good quality and on time;
- In support of the preparation of recommendations by the A&R working group on proposed new methodologies for CDM A&R project activities and, in accordance with procedures for submission and consideration of a proposed new methodology for CDM A&R project activities and subject to an "independent agreement" with the UNFCCC Secretariat, perform the following tasks in good quality and on time:
- Compile inputs on each proposed new methodology for CDM A&R project activities, including those from other members of the working group and the public, and prepare, under a pre-determined deadline and under the guidance of the Chair of the A&R working group, draft recommendations for review by the A&R working group;
- Review applications and make recommendations to the A&R working group to include experts in the roster of A&R project activities experts to undertake desk reviews;
- Make proposals to the Chair of the A&R working group on the selection of experts from the roster to undertake the desk reviews of proposed new baseline and monitoring methodologies;
- Review each methodology proposal for CDM A&R project activities approved by the Board to incorporate the required changes and to provide inputs to the secretariat to prepare a draft of the reformatted methodology; and
- Review draft reformatted versions of approved new methodologies for CDM A&R project activities prepared by the secretariat and make recommendations on this reformatted methodologies for final approval by the Chair of the A&R working group (EB 23, Annex 14, paragraph 7).
The modalities for the payment of fees that apply to the Methodologies Panel apply also to the A/R WG:
The modalities for payment of fees, and lump-sums, as appropriate, established for the Meth Panel shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to the CDM A&R working group (EB 14, paragraph 50).
Further guidance is provided in the terms of reference:
- Travel costs and daily subsistence allowance will be paid to A&R working group members attending a meeting of the A&R working group in accordance with UN rules and regulations.
- In accordance with UN rules and regulations, subject to fulfillment of conditions contained in an "independent agreement" with the secretariat, and in accordance with the procedures for submission and consideration of a proposed new methodology for CDM A&R project activities, members will be compensated for the work undertaken, in quality and on time, with fees (USD 400 a day) (EB 14, Annex 8, paragraphs 12 and 13).
The "independent agreement" is negotiated with the Board and sets out the tasks, rights and obligations of A/R WG members:
An "independent agreement" with the Board, through the secretariat, which specifies tasks, rights and obligations and establishes that the responsibility for assessing the work undertaken by the member is assumed by the Chair of the A&R working group on behalf of the Executive Board (EB 14, Annex 8, footnote 1).
The following forms are used by the A/R WG or by others when making requests of the A/R WG:
- CDM: Proposed New A/R Methodology - A/R Working Group Recommendation to the Executive Board (version 02) (EB 22, Annex 13)
- CDM: Form for submission of requests for revisions of approved methodologies to the Afforestation and Reforestation Working Group (version 01) - F-CDM-AR-Rev (EB 26, Annex 22)
- CDM: Form for submission of queries from DOEs to the Afforestation and Reforestation Working Group regarding the application of approved A/R methodologies (version 01) - F-CDM-AR-AM-Subm (EB 26, Annex 23)
More information about these forms is contained in the A/R methodologies chapter.