What is the CDM-AR-PDD?

The project design document (PDD) is the key document involved in the validation and registration of a CDM project activity. It is one of the three documents required for a CDM project to be registered, along with the validation report from the designated operational entity (DOE) and the letter of approval from the designated national authority (DNA).

The PDD is reviewed by the DOE during the validation process to ensure that a project meets the requirements for validation. The PDD is also used as the basis of consultation with stakeholders, which is conducted by making the PDD and related documentation publicly available on the UNFCCC website.

The project design document is then included in the request for registration which is submitted by the DOE to the Executive Board.

Specific PDDs exist for different project types:

  • Standard CDM project activities (CDM-PDD)
  • Small-scale project activities (CDM-SSC-PDD)
  • Afforestation and reforestation project activities (CDM-AR-PDD)
  • Small-Scale afforestation and reforestation project activities (CDM-SSC-AR-PDD)
  • Programmes of Activities (POA-DD) and CDM Programme Activities (POA-CPA-DD)

This section discusses the requirements of the PDD for afforestation and reforestation CDM project activities (CDM-AR-PDD). The latest version of the CDM-AR-PDD is contained in EB 55, Annex 22, and can be downloaded here.  This document is Version 5 of the CDM-AR-PDD and replaces Version 4 contained in EB 35, Annex 20; Version 3 contained in EB 26, Annex 19; Version 2 contained in EB 23 Annex 15(a); and Version 1 contained in EB 15, Annex 6.

Requirement to develop a CDM-AR-PDD

The requirement to develop a PDD for A/R projects is set out in 5/CMP.1, Annex, Appendix B:

A project activity shall be described in detail in a project design document, taking into account the provisions for afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM as set out in the annex, in particular, section G on validation and registration and section H on monitoring (5/CMP.1, Annex, Appendix B, paragraph 2).

Content of the CDM-AR-PDD

The same decision sets out the information that must be included the CDM-AR-PDD.  In summary, the PDD must:

  • Describe the project and establish a project boundary;
  • Describe the present environmental conditions of the project site;
  • Describe legal title to the land, rights of access and current land use;
  • Describe the carbon pools selected;
  • Describe the baseline methodology;
  • Describe measures to minimise potential leakage;
  • Establish a start date and crediting period for the project;
  • State how non-permanence will be addressed;
  • Describe how the project is additional;
  • Describe the environmental impacts of the project;
  • Describe the socio-economic impacts of the project;
  • Describe planned monitoring and remedial measures to address environmental and socio-economic impacts;
  • Provide information on the sources of public funding for the project;
  • Summarise stakeholder comments;
  • Describe the monitoring plan; and
  • Set out all relevant calculations.

This is set out in full in 5/CMP.1, Annex, Appendix B, paragraph 2:

The description shall include the following:

  1. A description of the afforestation or reforestation project activity comprising the project purpose; a technical description of the project activity, including species and varieties selected and how technology and know-how will be transferred, if appropriate; a description of the physical location and boundaries of the project activity; specification of the gases whose emissions will be part of the project activity
  2. A description of the present environmental conditions of the area including a description of climate, hydrology, soils, ecosystems, and the possible presence of rare or endangered species and their habitats
  3. A description of legal title to the land, rights of access to the sequestered carbon, current land tenure and land use
  4. Carbon pools selected, as well as transparent and verifiable information, in accordance with paragraph 21 of the present annex
  5. A proposed baseline methodology in accordance with the present annex, including:
    1. In the case of the application of an approved methodology:
      • A statement of which approved methodology has been selected
      • A description of how the approved methodology will be applied in the context of the proposed project activity
    2. In the case of the application of a new methodology:
      • A description of the baseline methodology and justification of choice, including an assessment of strengths and weaknesses of the methodology
      • A description of key parameters, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline estimate, and assessment of uncertainties
      • Projections of the baseline net greenhouse gas removals by sinks for a proposed project activity
      • Potential sources of leakage attributable to the project activity
    3. Other considerations, such as a description of how national and/or sectoral policies and circumstances have been taken into account and an explanation of how the baseline was established in a transparent and conservative manner
  6. Measures to be implemented to minimize potential leakage
  7. Start date for the project activity, with justification, and the choice of crediting periods during which the project activity is expected to result in net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks
  8. Statement of which approach for addressing non-permanence was selected in accordance with paragraph 38 of the present annex
  9. Description of how the actual net greenhouse gas removals by sinks are increased above the sum of the changes in carbon stocks in the carbon pools within the project boundary that would have occurred in the absence of the registered CDM afforestation or reforestation project activity
  10. Environmental impacts of the project activity:
    1. Documentation on the analysis of the environmental impacts, including impacts on biodiversity and natural ecosystems, and impacts outside the project boundary of the proposed afforestation or reforestation project activity under the CDM. This analysis should include, where applicable, information on, inter alia, hydrology, soils, risk of fires, pests and diseases
    2. If any negative impact is considered significant by the project participants or the host Party, a statement that project participants have undertaken an environmental impact assessment, in accordance with the procedures required by the host Party, including conclusions and all references to support documentation
  11. Socio-economic impacts of the project activity:
    1. Documentation on the analysis of the socio-economic impacts, including impacts outside the project boundary of the proposed afforestation or reforestation project activity under the CDM. This analysis should include, where applicable, information on, inter alia, local communities, indigenous peoples, land tenure, local employment, food production, cultural and religious sites, and access to fuelwood and other forest products
    2. If any negative impact is considered significant by the project participants or the host Party, a statement that project participants have undertaken a socioeconomic impact assessment, in accordance with the procedures required by the host Party, including conclusions and all references to support documentation
  12. A description of planned monitoring and remedial measures to address significant impacts referred to in paragraph 2 (j) (ii) and (k) (ii) above
  13. Information on sources of public funding for the project activity from Annex I Parties which shall provide an affirmation that such funding does not result in a diversion of official development assistance and is separate from and is not counted towards the financial obligations of those Parties
  14. Stakeholder comments, including a brief description of the process, a summary of the comments received, and a report on how due account was taken of any comments received
  15. A monitoring plan that meets the requirements of paragraph 25 of the present annex:
    1. Identification of data needs and data quality with regard to accuracy, comparability, completeness and validity
    2. Methodologies to be used for data collection and monitoring, including quality assurance and quality control provisions for monitoring, collecting, reporting, and assurance that verification does not coincide with peaks in carbon stocks
    3. In the case of a new monitoring methodology, a description of the methodology, including an assessment of strengths and weaknesses of the methodology and whether or not it has been applied successfully elsewhere
    4. Collection of other information as required to comply with paragraph 25 of the present annex
  16. Calculations, including a discussion of how uncertainties have been addressed:
    1. A description of formulae used to estimate the baseline net greenhouse gas removals by sinks for the project activity
    2. A description of formulae used to estimate leakage
    3. A description of formulae used to calculate the actual net greenhouse gas removals by sinks
    4. A description of formulae used to calculate the net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks
    5. References to support the above, if any (5/CMP.1, Annex, Appendix B, paragraph 2)

Further guidance has been given by the Executive Board on the level of detail required to be included in the project design document:

The Board considered recommendations by the Meth Panel and agreed that the specific uncertainty levels, methods and associated accuracy level of measurement instruments and calibration procedures to be used for various parameters and variables should be identified in the PDD, along with detailed quality assurance and quality control procedures. In addition standards recommended shall either be national or international standards. The verification of the authenticity of the uncertainty levels and instruments are to be undertaken by the DOE during the verification stage (EB 23, paragraph 24).

 

Related Topics

What is a baseline? (A/R)

What is additionality? (A/R)

What is a methodology? (A/R)

What is a letter of approval? (A/R)

Designated operational entity (DOE)

Stakeholders

Project boundary (A/R)

Crediting period (A/R)

Large-scale PDD (CDM-PDD)

Small-scale PDD (CDM-SSC-PDD)

Small-scale forestry PDD (CDM-SSC-AR-PDD)

Programme of Activities Design Document (CDM-POA-PDD)

CDM Programme Activity Design Document (CDM-CPA-PDD)