What is a Programme of Activities?
A Program of Activities (PoA) provides the organizational and methodological framework for component project activities (CPAs) with the same stated goal to operate within a single registered CDM program activity.
The concept of a PoA is defined in the CDM Glossary (v.6) as:
A voluntary coordinated action by a private or public entity which coordinates and implements any policy/measure or stated goal (i.e. incentive schemes and voluntary programmes), which leads to anthropogenic GHG emission reductions or net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks that are additional to any that would occur in the absence of the PoA, via an unlimited number of CDM programme activities (CPAs).
PoAs operate at two levels: the program level and the CPA level. The program level provides the organizational structure governing the eligibility, operation, monitoring and crediting of individual CPAs included within the PoA. The CPA level consists of individual CPAs which are the specific measures through which emissions reductions are generated. Multiple CPAs can be included under a PoA at the time of registration and additional CPAs can be added at any point in the life of the PoA.
The PoA has its origins in a decision of the COP/MOP that local/regional/national policies or standards cannot be considered as CDM project activities, but project activities under a PoA can be registered as a single CDM project activity:
The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties, ...
- Decides that a local/regional/national policy or standard cannot be considered as a clean development mechanism project activity, but that project activities under a programme of activities can be registered as a single clean development mechanism project activity provided that approved baseline and monitoring methodologies are used that, inter alia, define the appropriate boundary, avoid double-counting and account for leakage, ensuring that the emission reductions are real, measurable and verifiable, and additional to any that would occur in the absence of the project activity (7/CMP.1, paragraph 20).
The Project Cycle Procedure provides that a PoA can involve CPAs being run in multiple countries, in which case a separate letter of approval would be required from each DNA involved.
A PoA is distinct from a bundle of small-scale projects, because it is possible to add new CPAs to a PoA without undertaking the validation process afresh. However, there is a process for adding a CPA to a registered PoA which involves an inclusion fee.
The coordinating/managing entity (CME) is the private or public entity that is responsible under the international rules for coordinating the PoA.