Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties (COP/MOP)
The Conference of the Parties refers to the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The meeting of the Parties refers to the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol.
The Conference of the Parties serves as the meeting of the Parties, and when this occurs it is known as the COP/MOP. This structure is intended to reduce costs and streamline management of the UNFCCC/Kyoto Protocol processes. Parties to the UNFCCC that are not Parties to the Convention are still permitted to participate in Protocol-related meetings as observers.
The Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP):
- Has authority over and makes rules for the CDM;
- Decides on the recommendations made by the Executive Board; and
- Designates operational entities that are provisionally accredited by the Executive Board.
The functions of the COP/MOP in relation to the CDM are set out in 3/CMP.1, Annex, paragraphs 2-4:
- The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP) shall have authority over and provide guidance to the clean development mechanism (CDM).
- The COP/MOP shall provide guidance to the Executive Board by taking decisions on:
- The recommendations made by the Executive Board on its rules of procedure;
- The recommendations made by the Executive Board, in accordance with provisions of decision 17/CP.7, the present annex and relevant decisions of the COP/MOP;
- The designation of operational entities accredited by the Executive Board in accordance with Article 12, paragraph 5, and accreditation standards contained in appendix A below.
- The COP/MOP shall further:
- Review annual reports of the Executive Board;
- Review the regional and subregional distribution of designated operational entities and take appropriate decisions to promote accreditation of such entities from developing country Parties;
- Review the regional and subregional distribution of CDM project activities with a view to identifying systematic or systemic barriers to their equitable distribution and take appropriate decisions, based, inter alia, on a report by the Executive Board;
- Assist in arranging funding of CDM project activities, as necessary (3/CMP.1, Annex, paragraphs 2-4).
The COP/MOP exercises the same functions in respect of afforestation and reforestation (A/R) project activities:
All provisions of section B of the CDM modalities and procedures, contained in the annex to decision 17/CP.7, shall apply mutatis mutandis to afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM (5/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 3).