Validation Report (A/R)

DOEs must follow the requirements of the Validation and Verification Manual (VVM) when validating A/R CDM project activities. In addition, DOEs must also address specific requirements defined in the modalities and procedures for A/R CDM project activities, including:

  1. Project boundary for A/R CDM project activities;
  2. Selection of carbon pools;
  3. Eligibility of land;
  4. Approach proposed to address non permanence;
  5. Timing of management activities, including harvesting cycles, and verifications;
  6. Socio-economic and environmental impacts, including impacts on biodiversity and natural ecosystems (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 137).

A/R requirement 1: Project Boundary

The DOE must confirm the PDD contains a description of the CDM project boundary which encircles discrete areas of land planned for the CDM project activity that is under the control of project participants. The control has to include at minimum the exclusive legal right to perform the A/R activity.

The DOE shall confirm whether the PDD contains a description of the CDM project boundary which encircles discrete areas of land planned for the proposed afforestation or reforestation CDM project activity under the control of the project participants (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 139).

The DOE shall, through document review and/or interviews, validate that the project participants have control over all planned afforestation or reforestation CDM project activity within the project boundary. The control has to include at minimum the exclusive right, defined in a way acceptable under the legal system of the host country, to perform the A/R activity with the aim of achieving net anthropogenic GHG removals by sinks. If the total number of documents to be reviewed and persons/entities to be interviewed is not less than ten, then the DOE may apply a sampling approach (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 140).

In the validation report, the DOE must describe and assess the documentation and oral statements used in validation.

In the validation report, the DOE shall describe the documentation assessed and/or oral statements delivered by persons interviewed (if any) and conclude on their acceptability under the legal system of the host country. In a case the DOE has applied a sampling approach, the validation report shall additionally describe how many sites have been assessed and how these were selected (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 141).

A/R requirement 2: Selection of Carbon Pools

The DOE must account for changes in above ground biomass, below ground biomanss, litter, dead wood and soil organics carbon. Some carbon pools may be excluded in accordance with the selected approved methodology, in which case the DOE must verify the information provided justifying the selection.

The DOE shall determine whether the PDD selected the carbon pools to be considered in the proposed A/R CDM project activity in accordance with the requirements of the selected approved methodology. If the approved methodology allows for an option to exclude certain carbon pools, the DOE shall confirm that verifiable information has been provided to justify the selection. For this, the DOE shall ensure that all documents referred to in the PDD are correctly quoted and interpreted. If relevant, the DOE shall cross check the information provided in the PDD with other available information from public sources or local experts (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 143).

A/R requirement 3: Eligibility of Land

Eligibility of land must be evidenced following the most recent version of the "Procedures to demonstrate the eligibility of land for A/R CDM project activities".

The DOE must validate that the project boundary is eligible for afforestation or reforestation. This statement must be based on a site visit and a review of information that reliably discriminates between forest and non forest land according to the thresholds adopted by the host country.

In the validation report the DOE must describe how validation of the eligibility of the land has been performed, detailing data sources assessed and observations made during a site visit.

In the validation report, the DOE shall describe how the validation of the eligibility of the land has been performed, by detailing the data sources assessed and by describing its observations during a site visit process. The DOE shall provide a statement whether the entire land within the project boundary is eligible for a proposed A/R CDM project activity (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 147).

A/R requirement 4: Approach proposed to address non permanence

The DOE must ensure the validation report describes the approach proposed buy the project participants to address non permanence.

The DOE shall review the PDD to ensure an approach to address non permanence is selected according to the provisions of the modalities and procedures for afforestation or reforestation CDM project activities (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 149).

The validation report shall describe the approach proposed by the project participants to address non permanence (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 150).

A/R requirement 5: Timing of management activities, including harvesting cycles and verifications

The DOE must review the forest management plan and monitoring plan to ensure peaks of verification and peaks in carbon stocks are avoided.

The DOE shall review the forest management plan and the monitoring plan for the proposed A/R CDM project activity to ensure that a systematic coincidence of verification and peaks in carbon stocks is avoided (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 152).

The validation report shall describe how the project participants have ensured that a systematic coincidence of verification and peaks in carbon stocks would be avoided (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 153).

A/R requirement 6: Socio-economic and environmental impacts, including impacts on biodiversity and natural ecosystems.

The DOE must describe in the validation report whether project participants have undertaken an analysis of the socio-economic and environmental impacts of the project.

The DOE shall confirm, by means of a document review and/or using local official sources and expertise, whether the project participants have undertaken an analysis of the socio-economic and environmental impacts, including impacts on biodiversity and natural ecosystems, and impacts outside the project boundary (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 155).

Should the above-mentioned analysis lead to conclusion that any negative impact that may be considered significant by the project participants or the host Party was detected then the DOE shall, by means of document review, ensure that a socio-economic impact assessment and/or an environmental impact assessment has been conducted in accordance with relevant host Party regulations and the outcome is accurately summarized in the PDD (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 156).

A/R requirement 7:Project design of small-scale afforestation or reforestation project activities

Small-scale afforestation project activities should be validated taking into account the simplified modalities and procedures for small scale afforestation and reforestation CDM project activities.

During validation, the DOE must determine whether:

  1. The project activity qualifies as a proposed small-scale A/R CDM project activity and complies with the thresholds for the proposed small-scale A/R projects;
  2. The project activity complies with one of the types of small-scale A/R project activities defined in appendix B of the annex to decision 6/CMP.1. It qualifies to apply a simplified baseline and monitoring methodology for this project type and the methodology has been applied correctly;
  3. The proposed CDM project activity is not a part of a debundled large-scale A/R project activity, in accordance with the rules defined in appendix C of the annex to decision 6/CMP.1;
  4. The proposed CDM project activity has been developed or implemented by low-income communities and individuals as confirmed by the host Party (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 159).

A/R requirement 8: Programme of activities

The DOE must apply validation and reporting requirements described in the Validation and Verification Manual (VVM) when validating a programme of activities (PoA).

A/R requirement 9: Renewal of crediting period

The DOE must undertake a thorough reassessment of the validity of the original baseline when validating the CDM project activity for a second or further crediting period.

When contracted to validate a proposed CDM project activity for a second or further crediting period, the DOE shall undertake a thorough reassessment of the validity of the original baseline46 or any updates thereto proposed by the project participants. This assessment shall be based on the latest version of the procedures for renewing the crediting period47, the latest applicable version of approved methodology and the means of validation described in this Manual (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 161).

A/R requirement 10 : Changes to the start date of the crediting period

If project participants wish to delay post registration the start date of the crediting period by more than one year, then the DOE must validate the baseline scenario in accordance with chapter V, section E, subsection 5(d) of the Validation and Verification Manual (VVM).

The validation report must obtain a description of the progress made in project implementation and confirmation that the delay will not alter the project's contribution to sustainable development.

The validation report shall contain a description of the progress made in project implementation. Further, the DOE shall validate that the project participants have obtained written confirmation from the host Party that the delay will not alter the project's contribution to sustainable development (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 163).

Related Topics

Validation Report

Validation Report (SSC)

Verification Report

Validation and Verification Manual (VVM)

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