Validation Report (SSC)
DOEs must apply the requirements of the Validation and Verification Manual (VVM) when validating a project.
In the case of small scale projects, the DOE must also report on whether the project activity qualifies for one of the three types of small scale project categories, the relevant methodology has been applied and if it is a debundled component of a large scale project.
During its validation of a small-scale project activity, the DOE shall confirm that:
- The project activity qualifies within the thresholds of the three possible types of smallscale project activities. It may include more than one component; for example, a type III methane recovery component activity and a type I electricity component activity;
- The project activity conforms to one of the approved small-scale categories and applies the relevant tool or methodology. The DOE shall confirm that the small-scale methodologies are applied in conjunction with the general guidance to the methodologies, which provides guidance on equipment capacity, equipment performance, sampling and other monitoring-related issues;
- The project activity is not a debundled component of a large-scale project, in accordance with the rules defined in appendix C of the simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale CDM project activities;
- Whether an assessment of the environmental impacts of the proposed CDM project activity is required by the host Party (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 134).
DOEs have some discretion when conducting a physical site inspection for preparation of the validation report of small scale projects that use existing facilities or equipment and have low emissions reductions.
In the case of the following small scale projects, DOEs must conduct a site visit:
- Non bundled small scale projects with emission reductions exceeding 15,000 tonnes per year.
- Bundled small scale projects, each with emission reductions not exceeding 15,000 tonnes per year.
This is set out in EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 60:
For proposed CDM project activities in existing facilities or utilizing existing equipments, the DOE shall conduct a physical site inspection to confirm that the description in the PDD reflects the proposed CDM project activity for the following types of CDM project activities unless other means are specified in the methodology: [...]
- Non-bundled small scale projects with emission reductions exceeding 15,000 tonnes per year;
- Bundled small scale projects, each with emission reductions not exceeding 15,000 tonnes per year; in such case the number of physical site visits may however be based on sampling, if the sampling size is appropriately justified through statistical analysis (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 60).
In the case of individual small scale projects generating emission reductions below 15,000 tonnes per year, a DOE is not required to conduct a site inspection but may do so when appropriate:
For other individual proposed small scale CDM project activities with emission reductions not exceeding 15,000 tonnes per year the DOE may conduct a physical site visit as appropriate (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 61).
For all other project activities not referred to above, the DOE must undertake validation by reviewing available designs and feasibility studies. They may conduct comparison analysis to equivalent projects and conduct a site visit, but this is not required:
For all other proposed CDM project activities not referred to in paragraphs 59 - 61, the DOE shall undertake the validation by reviewing available designs and feasibility studies and may conduct comparison analysis to equivalent projects, as appropriate. The DOE may conduct physical site visit to assess the plan. For proposed CDM project activities for which the DOE does not undertake a physical site inspection this shall be appropriately justified (EB 44, Annex 3, paragraph 62).