The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is a multilateral convention aimed at stabilising greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system (UNFCCC, Article 2).

The UNFCCC sets an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenge posed by climate change. The Convention enjoys near universal membership, with 192 countries having ratified.

Under the Convention, governments:

  • gather and share information on greenhouse gas emissions, national policies and best practices
  • launch national strategies for addressing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to expected impacts, including the provision of financial and technological support to developing countries 
  • cooperate in preparing for adaptation to the impacts of climate change

The Convention entered into force on 21 March 1994.

Click here to download the full text of the Convention.

Related Topics

Conference of the Parties

Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties (COP/MOP)

Kyoto Protocol