What is verification?
Verification is defined in 5/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 31 as follows:
Verification is the periodic independent review and ex post determination by the DOE of the net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks achieved, since the start of the project, by an afforestation or reforestation project activity under the CDM (5/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 31).
Essentially, verification is the process of confirming the authenticity of removals of greenhouse gases by an afforestation or reforestation CDM project over a defined period of time (a verification period). In order to do this, the project's removals are monitored and the monitoring data for a verification period is reviewed and assessed.
In brief, the key elements of verification are:
- a periodic independent review and ex post determination;
- of net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks which have been monitored;
- that is performed by an independent designated operational entity (DOE).