What is monitoring?
Monitoring of afforestation and reforestation projects is defined in the CDM Glossary of Terms (Version 07) as follows:
Monitoring refers to the collection and archiving of all relevant data necessary for estimating and measuring the net anthropogenic GHG removals by sinks during the crediting period.
Therefore, monitoring refers to the collection and analysis of data related to greenhouse gas removals from an A/R project to determine the volume of emission removals that are attributable to it. Monitoring, leading to the production of a monitoring report, is an essential pre-requisite to verification, certification and ultimately issuance.