What is certification?
Certification is defined in 3/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 61 as follows:
Certification is the written assurance by the designated operational entity (DOE) that, during a specified time period, a project activity achieved the reductions in anthropogenic emissions by sources of greenhouse gases as verified (3/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 61).
Certification is essentially the formal written confirmation by an independent auditor (being the designated operational entity) that the emission reductions which are set out in the verification report were actually achieved. The key elements of certification are:
- that it is a written assurance;
- confirming that a project activity achieved reductions in greenhouse gas emission during a specific period (usually the verification period preceding certification); and
- performed by an accredited DOE.
These decision for large-scale projects applies equally to small-scale projects:
The CDM modalities and procedures shall apply to small-scale CDM project activities except for its paragraphs 37 to 60 (4/CMP.1, Annex II, paragraph 11).
The certification report is considered to constitute a request for issuance of CERs:
The certification report shall constitute a request for issuance to the Executive Board of CERs equal to the verified amount of reductions of anthropogenic emissions by sources of greenhouse gases (3/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 64).
In contrast to large-scale projects, the DOE engaged to conduct validation may also conduct verification and certification:
A single designated operational entity may perform validation as well as verification and certification for a small-scale CDM project activity or bundled small-scale CDM project activities (4/CMP.1, Annex II, paragraph 20).