Verification of small-scale projects
Verification is defined in 3/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 61 as follows:
Verification is the periodic independent review and ex post determination by the designated operational entity of the monitored reductions in anthropogenic emissions by sources of greenhouse gases that have occurred as a result of a registered CDM project activity during the verification period (3/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 61; previously 17/CP.7, Annex, paragraph 61).
Essentially, verification is the process of confirming the authenticity of reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by a CDM project over a defined period of time (a verification period). In order to do this, a CDM project's emission reductions are monitored and the monitoring data for a verification period is reviewed and assessed.
In brief, the key elements of verification are:
- a periodic independent review and ex post determination;
- of reductions greenhouse gas emissions by sources which have been monitored;
- that is performed by an independent designated operational entity (DOE).
This decision for large-scale projects applies equally to small-scale projects:
The CDM modalities and procedures shall apply to small-scale CDM project activities except for its paragraphs 37 to 60 (4/CMP.1, Annex II, paragraph 11).
However, in contrast to large-scale projects, the DOE engaged to conduct validation may also conduct verification and certification:
A single designated operational entity may perform validation as well as verification and certification for a small-scale CDM project activity or bundled small-scale CDM project activities (4/CMP.1, Annex II, paragraph 20).