Monitoring of small-scale projects
Monitoring is defined in the CDM Glossary of Terms (Version 7) as follows:
For a CDM project activity (non-A/R) or PoA (non-A/R), collecting and archiving all relevant data necessary for determining the baseline, measuring anthropogenic emissions by sources of GHGs within the project boundary, and leakage, as applicable.
Therefore, monitoring refers to the measurement and analysis of greenhouse gas emissions from a project within its boundary to determine the volume of emission reductions that are attributable to the project. Monitoring, leading to the production of a monitoring report, is an essential pre-requisite to verification, certification and ultimately issuance.